GPAT 2014 Study Material

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 Pharmacology : Antiviral Drugs

Viruses are unique organisms. They are the smallest of all self-replicating organisms, able to pass through filters that retain the smallest bacteria. The simplest form of viruses contain a small amount of DNA or RNA surrounded by an uncomplicated protein coat. More than 200 viruses have been identified as capable of producing disease. Learn More

Medicinal Chemistry : Local Anaesthetics

It is impossible to provide effective dental care in minor surgeries, without the use of local anesthetics. This drug class has an impressive history of safety and efficacy. A Local anesthetic agent is a drug, that, when given either topically or parenterally to a localized area, produces a state of local anesthesia by reversibly blocking the nerve conductances. Learn More

Pharmaceutics : Parenteral Products

Parenteral is derived from the two words ‘‘para’’ and ‘‘enteron’’ meaning to avoid the intestine. Parenteral articles are defined according to the USP 24/NF19 ‘‘as those preparations intended for injection through the skin or other external boundary tissue, rather than through the alimentary canal, so that the active substances they contain are administered using gravity or force directly into a blood vessel, organ, tissue, or lesion. Learn More

Pharmacognosy : Alkaloids

Initially defined as nitrogen-containing, basic substances of natural originally and of their nitrogen atom is part of a heterocyclic system and they possess a significant pharmacological activity; they occur only in the vegetable kingdom. Learn More

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